‘Chhind’ means date palm and ‘Wada’ means place, thus it is believed that Chhindwara means a place occupied by date palm trees. Located in Madhya Pradesh, Chhindwara is an age old city with rich historical heritage. Being one of the major towns in Satpura range, it is situated on a plateau, enclosed by the fertile green fields, forest rich in sagaun trees and magnificent rivers. The total area of the town is 11,815km2 (4,562sq miles) and it is situated at a height of 675m (2,215ft) above the sea level.
Chhindwara is edged by the plains of Nagpur district of Maharashtra on
the South, Hoshangabad District and Narsinghpur District is situated on
the North. Seoni District is located on the East and Betul District is
set on the West.
Climate of Chhindwara
Chhindwara has a subtropical climate. The summer season is scorching hot and dry and maximum temperature may range from 38-42°C. The summer season continues from April-June followed by monsoon rains which continue from July–September. Average annual rainfall is 1,183 mm. From October to March winter season continues and the days are relatively dry. Minimum temperature during winter may go down up to 4-6°C.
Soil texture of Chhindwara
Different parts of Chhindwara contain different
types of soil. A small portion of the city contains Medium-black soil
which is said to be the best soil in Chhindwara. Whereas mixed red and
sandy soil is also found in certain parts of the town. On the other
hand, red soil covers a major portion of both northern and southern
part. The area has got an average rainfall of around 1000-1200mm. The
sandy loam black soil are having medium to high fertility and high water
holding capacity. It has an approx irrigated area of 20.3%.
Rivers and Waterbodies in Chhindwara
There are five major rivers in Chhindwara
district. These are- Pench, Kanhan, Kulbehra, Jam, Shakkar and Doodh.
Flowing towards the southern direction of the district, Kanhan River
passes through the western parts of Chhindwara Tehsil and mixes with the
Wenganga river. Jam River passes through the Sausar region and mingles
with the Kanhan River. However, River Pench flows in the border line
areas of Seoni Districts and Chhindwara and finally merges with the
Kanhan River in Nagpur District. The River Kulbehra starts its journey
from Umreth and runs through Chhindwara and Mohkhed and finally merges
with the river Pench.
Vegetation of Chhindwara
Medium black soils of Chhindwara are not very deep and are suitable to cultivate most of the crops like cotton, sugarcane, wheat, jowar, soyabean, and groundnut. It also falls under the Jowar-wheat producing zone of Madhya Pradesh. The areas covered by red and black soil produce different varieties of crops during Rabi and Kharif season. These soils are more responsive to irrigation as well.
Geographical details of Chhindwara
Country : India State : Madhya Pradesh Region : Satpura Plateu District : Chhindwara Location: 22.07°N 78.93°E Climate : Humid subtropical climate Average Minimum Temperature: 4-6°C Average Maximum Temperature: 38-42°C Average Rainfall: 1,183 mm